Y3 Mathematics

Year 3

Y3 Mathematics

The National Curriculum for Mathematics in Year 3. Hover over blue text to see non-statutory examples.


  1. Ma3/2.1    Number & Place Value
  2. Ma3/2.2    Addition & Subtraction
  3. Ma3/2.3    Multiplication & Division
  4. Ma3/2.4    Fractions
  5. Ma3/3.1    Measurement
  6. Ma3/3.2    Properties of Shapes
  7. Ma3/4.1    Statistics

Ma3/2.1    Number & Place Value

Ma3/2.1a    count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100; find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number

Ma3/2.1b    recognise the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (100s, 10s, 1s)

Ma3/2.1c    compare and order numbers up to 1,000

Ma3/2.1d    identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

Ma3/2.1e    read and write numbers up to 1,000 in numerals and in words

Ma3/2.1f    solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.

Ma3/2.2    Addition & Subtraction

Ma3/2.2a    add and subtract numbers mentally, including:
      1. a three-digit number and 1s
      2. a three-digit number and 10s
      3. a three-digit number and 100s

Ma3/2.2b    add and subtract numbers with up to 3 digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction
Ma3/2.2c    estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations to check answers
Ma3/2.2e    solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction.

Ma3/2.3    Multiplication & Division

Ma3/2.3a    recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
Ma3/2.3b    write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
Ma3/2.3c    solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects.

Ma3/2.4    Fractions

Ma3/2.4a    count up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
Ma3/2.4b    recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
Ma3/2.4c    recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
Ma3/2.4d    recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
Ma3/2.4e    add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one whole
Ma3/2.4f    compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators
Ma3/2.4g    solve problems that involve all of the above.

Ma3/3.1    Measurement

Ma3/3.1a    measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
Ma3/3.1b    measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes
Ma3/3.1c    add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
Ma3/3.1d    tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
Ma3/3.1e    estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight
Ma3/3.1f    know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year
Ma3/3.1g    compare durations of events

Ma3/3.2    Properties of Shapes

Ma3/3.2a    draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them
Ma3/3.2b    recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn
Ma3/3.2c    identify right angles, recognise that 2 right angles make a half-turn, 3 make three quarters of a turn and 4 a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Ma3/3.2d    identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines.

Ma3/4.1    Statistics

Ma3/4.1a    interpret and present data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
Ma3/4.1b    solve one-step and two-step questions using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables.

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