Y4 Mathematics


Y4 Mathematics

The National Curriculum for Mathematics in Year 4. Blue text is the non-statutory examples.


  1. Ma4/2.1    Number & Place Value
  2. Ma4/2.2    Addition & Subtraction
  3. Ma4/2.3    Multiplication & Division
  4. Ma4/2.4    Fractions (including decimals)
  5. Ma4/3.1    Measurement
  6. Ma4/3.2    Properties of Shape
  7. Ma4/3.3    Position & Direction
  8. Ma4/4.1    Statistics

Ma4/2.1    Number & Place Value

Ma4/2.1a    count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1,000

Ma4/2.1b    find 1,000 more or less than a given number

Ma4/2.1c    count backwards through 0 to include negative numbers

Ma4/2.1d    recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (1,000s, 100s, 10s and 1s)

Ma4/2.1e    order and compare numbers beyond 1,000

Ma4/2.1f    identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

Ma4/2.1g    round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000

Ma4/2.1h    solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers

Ma4/2.1i    read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of 0 and place value.

Ma4/2.2    Addition & Subtraction

Ma4/2.2a    add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate

Ma4/2.2b    estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation

Ma4/2.2c    solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

Ma4/2.3    Multiplication & Division

Ma4/2.3a    recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
Ma4/2.3b    use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together 3 numbers
Ma4/2.3c    recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations
Ma4/2.3d    multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
Ma4/2.3e    solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by 1 digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Ma4/2.4    Fractions (including decimals)

Ma4/2.4a    recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
Ma4/2.4b    count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by a 100 and dividing tenths by 10.
Ma4/2.4c    solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number
Ma4/2.4d    add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
Ma4/2.4e    recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths
Ma4/2.4f    recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼; ½; ¾
Ma4/2.4g    find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths
Ma4/2.4h    round decimals with 1 decimal place to the nearest whole number
Ma4/2.4i    compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to 2 decimal places
Ma4/2.4j    solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to 2 decimal places.

Ma4/3.1    Measurement

Ma4/3.1a    convert between different units of measure
Ma4/3.1b    measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
Ma4/3.1c    find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
Ma4/3.1d    estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence
Ma4/3.1e    read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24-hour clocks
Ma4/3.1f    solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes, minutes to seconds, years to months, weeks to days

Ma4/3.2    Properties of Shape

Ma4/3.2a    compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
Ma4/3.2b    identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to 2 right angles by size
Ma4/3.2c    identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
Ma4/3.2d    complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

Ma4/3.3    Position & Direction

Ma4/3.3a    describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant
Ma4/3.3b    describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down
Ma4/3.3c    plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon.

Ma4/4.1    Statistics

Ma4/4.1a    interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs
Ma4/4.1b    solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs.

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