Y5/6 Mathematics
The National Curriculum for Mathematics in Year 5. Blue text is nonstatutory examples.
Contents
 Ma5/2.1 Number & Place Value
 Ma5/2.2 Addition & Subtraction
 Ma5/2.3 Multiplication & Division
 Ma5/2.4 Fractions (decimals & percentages)
 Ma5/3.1 Measurement
 Ma5/3.2 Properties of Shape
 Ma5/3.3 Position & Direction
 Ma5/4.1 Statistics
Ma5/2.1 Number & Place ValueMa5/2.1a read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
Ma5/2.1b count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000
Ma5/2.1c interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through 0
Ma5/2.1d round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000 and 100,000
Ma5/2.1e solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above
Ma5/2.1f read Roman numerals to 1,000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.
Ma5/2.2 Addition & SubtractionMa5/2.2a add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits,including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
Ma5/2.2b add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers
Ma5/2.2c use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy
Ma5/2.2d solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.
Ma5/2.3 Multiplication & DivisionMa5/2.3a identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.
Ma5/2.3b know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (nonprime) numbers
Ma5/2.3c establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19
Ma5/2.3d multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one or twodigit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for twodigit numbers
Ma5/2.3e multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts
Ma5/2.3f divide numbers up to 4 digits by a onedigit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context
Ma5/2.3g multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1,000
Ma5/2.3h recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (^{2}) and cubed (^{3})
Ma5/2.3i solve problems involving multiplication and division, including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes
Ma5/2.3j solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign
Ma5/2.3k solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.
Ma5/2.4 Fractions (decimals & percentages)Ma5/2.4a compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
Ma5/2.4b identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths
Ma5/2.4c recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number
Ma5/2.4d add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number
Ma5/2.4e multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams
Ma5/2.4f read and write decimal numbers as fractions
Ma5/2.4g recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents
Ma5/2.4h round decimals with 2 decimal places to the nearest whole number and to 1 decimal place
Ma5/2.4i read, write, order and compare numbers with up to 3 decimal places
Ma5/2.4j solve problems involving number up to 3 decimal places
Ma5/2.4k recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to “number of parts per 100”, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal fraction
Ma5/2.4l solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.
Ma5/3.1 MeasurementMa5/3.1a convert between different units of metric measure
Ma5/3.1b understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints
Ma5/3.1c measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
Ma5/3.1d calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares) including using standard units, square centimetres (cm^{2}) and square metres (m^{2}) and estimate the area of irregular shapes
Ma5/3.1e estimate volume and capacity
Ma5/3.1f solve problems involving converting between units of time
Ma5/3.1g use all four operations to solve problems involving measure using decimal notation including scaling.
Ma5/3.2 Properties of ShapeMa5/3.2a identify 3D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2D representations
Ma5/3.2b know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
Ma5/3.2c draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (^{o})
Ma5/3.2d identify:
Ma5/3.2e use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles
Ma5/3.2f distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles.
Ma5/3.3 Position & DirectionMa5/3.3a identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed.
Ma5/4.1 StatisticsMa5/4.1a solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph
Ma5/4.1b complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables.
